Science and gender equality are both vital for the achievement of the internationally agreed development goals, including the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
Over the past 15 years, the global community has made a lot of effort in inspiring and engaging women and girls in science. Unfortunately, women and girls continued
to be excluded from participating fully in science. According to a study conducted in 14 countries, the probability for female students of graduating with a Bachelor’s degree,
Master’s degree and Doctor’s degree in science-related field are 18%, 8% and 2% respectively, while the percentages of male students are 37%, 18% and 6%.
In order to achieve full and equal access to and participation in science for women and girls, and further achieve gender equality and the empowerment of women and girls,
the United Nations General Assembly adopted resolution A/RES/70/212 declaring 11 February as the International Day of Women and Girls in Science.
The European Night of Researchers in Madrid is a scientific outreach project, which has been held simultaneously in 340 European cities since 2005.
In the Community of Madrid is promoted by the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sport and coordinated by the foundation Madri+d.
This project is funded by the European Union under the Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Program of the EU under grant agreement number 721631.
PHOTOGRAPHY AWARD IN THE CATEGORY MICRO
Título: Ciudad futurista
Author: Luz Carime Gil Herrera. Co-author: Carlos Roldán y Nilo Cornejo
Imagine a city of the future with self-sustaining buildings: each unit generates electricity when light passes through the Silicon while occurring in the terraces the uptake of water. However, not far from appearances, this picture shows an architecture level submicro where spheres of carbon have been self-assembled, coated with silicon and then attacked to reveal its inside. Trying to obtain a material Photonic whereby the properties of light can be controlled. For this, we have opted for the use of carbonaceous materials, which have a lower environmental impact both your process and disposal thanks to their physico-chemical properties. In our case, the carbonaceous material is used as a skeleton for the reverse of the Silicon structure after the removal of coal. The order, as well as the nature of their materials, is a key factor in the development of these systems, therefore, required a thorough anchoring between spheres. The picture shows this wonderful architectural order that enables the obtaining of a Photonic crystal.
Equipment: Scanning Electron Microscope FESEM) (Hitachi S-4700). Sample was metalized and the image was obtained by secondary electrons to 20 kV, focusing work to 8.5 mm. Image taken to 10000 increases
Madrid Science Week is an event for scientific communication and citizen participation organized by Fundación madri+d which offers the public the opportunity to learn about the work of scientists, their research, motivation and efforts. Lets society know the latest advances of science.
On 22 and 23 October 2016, 11:00 to 19:00 hours, the seventh edition of the scientist weekend will take place. It's a science fair organized by the Spanish Foundation for Science and Technology, the National Museum of Science and Technology, and with the collaboration of Obra Social La Caixa, of an annual basis involving schools, museums and research centres with the common goal of promoting scientific culture and bringing science to society. This scientific weekend has become already in one of those events more important of the community of Madrid in the area of the disclosure scientific. During two days, we organize workshops, games and experiments in which science and technology is present in everyday fields, in a fun, family environment and leisure in the hands of teachers and students in schools that are preparing their projects a year. See "sounds", design a robot, make your own cave paintings, participate in a gymkhana on human evolution, learn about crystallography, play with color, measure the speed of light with slices of cheese and a microwave or immerse yourself in the exciting world of science through experimentation are just some of the many activities you can do in this fair that you can't miss it.
Museo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología
Of the many reforms that the Spanish system of science and technology needs, of governance may be which is less clear to citizens. The political programmes have an impact on the need to "democratize" or "professionalize" the governance of science, but the details escape (or elude) and misunderstandings and fears arise. To understand what is at stake, you have to understand now does the governance of the research centres. To explain it briefly, we will refer to three groups: universities, large public research institutions, State (CSIC, etc.) and the new IPOs generally organized as foundations (national centre of research Oncologics, CNIO, etc). Public Spanish universities are organized according to determined the LOMLOU: rectors are elected by universal suffrage by "collectives"-weighted (teachers in different castes, students, administration and services staff) in a system similar to the one of the South Africa of apartheid or the force in Lebanon. The guiding react when two bodies: the cloister (also chosen by collective) and the Social Council (named basically by public administrations, counting with representatives of employers, trade unions etc.).
Ciencia con Futuro
European Researchers' Night of Madrid is a project of scientific popularization, being held simultaneously in 250 cities since 2005. In the Community of Madrid is promoted by the Consejería de Educación, Juventud y Deporte and coordinated by Fundación Madri+d. This project is funded by the European Union within the Horizon 2020 programme for research and innovation in the EU under the agreement grant number 721631.
Atomic-scale Control of Graphene Magnetism by Using Hydrogen Atoms
Isolated hydrogen atoms absorbed on graphene are predicted to induce magnetic moments. Here we demonstrate that the adsorption of a single hydrogen atom on graphene induces a magnetic moment characterized by a ~20–millielectron volt spin-split state at the Fermi energy. Our scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) experiments, complemented by first-principles calculations, show that such a spin-polarized state is essentially localized on the carbon sublattice opposite to the one where the hydrogen atom is chemisorbed. This atomically modulated spin texture, which extends several nanometers away from the hydrogen atom, drives the direct coupling between the magnetic moments at unusually long distances. By using the STM tip to manipulate hydrogen atoms with atomic precision, it is possible to tailor the magnetism of selected graphene regions.
CSIC scientists manage to magnetize the Graphene. An international study with participation of the Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC) has developed a new hybrid material based on Graphene and magnetic molecules. This discovery, published in Nature Materials, opens the door to the application of Graphene in the field of information technologies. Graphene, a sheet of pure carbon of one atom thick, is not magnetic, like the rest of the carbon derivatives. The new material developed in this study is formed by the union of magnetic molecules, containing four atoms of iron, a sheet of Graphene. Experiments carried out in the laboratories of the Institute of Materials science of Aragon confirms that there is a significant interaction between both components.
Nature Materials. 10/12/2015
This 2-day workshop brings together three networks of European research Institutions to mark the International Year of Light and Light-Based Technologies. Its purpose is to share results, views and challenges in the field of nanostructured materials for energy, with a particular interest in materials and light harvesting technologies and related energy and environmental applications: Solar fuels from artificial photosynthesis (photo- and photo-electrochemical water splitting and CO2 photoreduction), novel PV architectures and energy storage devices. The meeting is materials-science oriented, and includes topics such as the synthesis of novel heterostructures for efficient charge separation, the role of electronic junctions in charge transfer, computational tools to study photocatalytic reactions, reactor design and operation, non-conventional catalyst scaffolds, transient spectroscopy measurements, interfacial engineering and (photo)electrochemical characterisation. Presentations about industrial implementation of new materials will also be included. IMDEA Materials Institute. 06/10/2015
This year, the European Research Council (ERC) opens call for grants to young researchers in order to promote the creation of independent research groups that develop projects that are at the frontier of knowledge in any discipline in the areas of: physical sciences and engineering, life sciences, social sciences and Humanities. Starting Grants may request them those young researchers that have between 2 and 7 years postdoctoral experience and which have shown already scientific independence of supervisors and a high potential for leadership. Researchers may be from any country in the world whenever they develop their work in one of the Member States of the EU or partner countries. Financing up to 1.5 million euros (exceptionally up to 2 million euros) for a maximum period of 5 years, the Starting Grants represent a real opportunity for young researchers with good ideas can become leaders of research groups. Madri+d Noticias. 30/09/2015
In the beginning of the year the European Commission published a report with the 10 technologies that will change our lives, and the Institute of engineering of Spain held the second of ten conferences dedicated to them, in this case to Graphene. The first was devoted to the Internet of things. Graphene, says the Institute, is a material discovered in 2004 formed by carbon atoms, Atomic thick, just 0.34 nanometer, which possesses properties not seen so far in any other material. It is the material more resistant to atomic level, the best heat conductor known to date and with higher electron mobility. Madri+d Noticias. 24/06/2015
Nanooptics and Plasmon in Moscow, Russia, laboratory scientists have devised a new type of biosensor based on oxide of Graphene that could greatly accelerate the process of search for drugs that combat and one day cure cancer, AIDS and other diseases still incurable. The study has been published in ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces. The new type of sensor designed by the team of Yury Stebunov, cited laboratory of nano-optics and Plasmon, dependent of the Institute of physics and technology of Moscow (MIPT) in Russia, has excellent properties, giving it greater sensitivity in the biodetection. These scientists carried out a series of experiments with the new chip, other similar and available commercially, and a chip just covered by a monolayer of Graphene. Experiments showed that the new chip has one 3 times greater than the commercial chip sensitivity and 3.7 times higher than the chip with only a layer of Graphene.Madri+d Noticias. 23/09/2015
Researchers from the University of Columbia (USA) and Seoul National (SNU) joined by tiny filaments of Graphene electrodes and applied electric current to raise its temperature and emit light "broad spectrum". This nine light source "it can be integrated into microchips and will pave the way towards the manufacture of thin screens as an atom (whose measure roughly equal to a hundred-millionth of a centimeter), flexible and transparent", said Wang Fon-Jen, Professor of mechanical engineering at Columbia and a co-author of the study. Nature Nanotechnology. 15/06/2015
The unique properties of Graphene make it a potentially ideal membrane for desalination or water filtering. But attempts to move from theory to practice have been hampered by a major drawback: manufacture membranes in an atom thick Graphene layers is a difficult process and that can tear the material creating holes through which pollutants can pass. Madri+d Noticias. 13/05/2015
Graphene is an ideal medium for long-distance spin communication in future spintronic technologies. So far, the prospect is limited by the smaller sizes of exfoliated graphene flakes and lower spin transport properties of large-area chemical vapour-deposited (CVD) graphene. Here we demonstrate a high spintronic performance in CVD graphene on SiO2/Si substrate at room temperature. We show pure spin transport and precession over long channel lengths extending up to ~16 µm with a spin lifetime of ~1.2 ns and a spin diffusion length ~6 µm at room temperature. These spin parameters are up to six times higher than previous reports and highest at room temperature for any form of pristine graphene on industrial standard SiO2/Si substrates. Our detailed investigation reinforces the observed performance in CVD graphene over wafer scale and opens up new prospects for the development of lateral spin-based memory and logic applications. Nature Communications. 10/04/2015
The week of the science of Madrid is one of the most important events of science in Europe. This fifteenth edition is home to more than 600 organizations with the common goal of bringing science and technology to the citizens. Science week is organised by the General Directorate of universities and research of the Ministerio de Educación, youth and sport of the community of Madrid, through Fundación Madri+d to the target knowledge. The target is put within the reach of all citizens the subjects that interest them, discover them research centers and activities in them as places of work to improve our lives. An extensive program of workshops, guided tours, days of open doors, etc. makes up this scientific culture event. Universities, research centers, scientific societies, NGOs, companies, museums, foundations, scientific associations and Government agencies will open their doors for two weeks, organizing more than 900 free activities. From open days to cinema and exhibitions, through round tables, lectures and interesting excursions and itineraries led by specialists. More than 3,000 scientists from fields as diverse as geology, Neurobiology, astrophysics, psychology, architecture and prehistory, among others, have embarked on the exciting adventure to share with the public their daily work, their discoveries, their doubts and their mishaps.. Madri+d Noticias. 15/10/2015